Christine L. Gardiner, Ph.D.

Professor of Criminal Justice

Christine (Christie) L. Gardiner, Ph. D

Dr. Christine Gardiner is a Professor of Criminal Justice and a Senior Research Fellow for the Police Foundation.  Her fields of expertise including policing, crime policy, and juvenile delinquency.  She was awarded a prestigious National Institute of Justice grant to study the effects of Proposition 36 (drug treatment in lieu of incarceration law) on the case processing and sentencing of drug offender and criminal justice practitioners in Orange County, California.  She also helped create a “Blueprint for juvenile offender reentry” for Orange County as well as a set of recommendations to improve inter-agency collaboration between Los Angeles County’s public safety agencies.  Beyond that, she has studied public opinion on the legalization of marijuana in California and conducted two major studies on the role of higher education in policing (one on California specifically, the other on a National scale).  She has authored numerous articles, book chapters, and an introduction to policing textbook and has edited books on criminal justice policy and the California criminal justice system.  Prior to becoming an academic, she worked as a crime analyst, police dispatcher, intern probation officer, and police explorer.

Phone: (657) 278 - 3608


Office:  GH 530

Office Hours: M/W 11:20-12:20 PM &  
W 8:45-9:45 AM  
or by appointment

Curriculum VitaePDF File


  • 2008, Ph.D, University of California, Irvine
  • 1995, M.Phil., Cambridge University (England)
  • 1988, B.A, University of California, Irvine


Research Areas

  • Policing (general)
  • Higher education and policing
  • Police body worn cameras
  • Criminal Justice Policy
  • Pedagogy


Courses Regularly Taught

  • CRJU 315 – Policing
  • CRJU 405 – Criminal Justice Policy
  • CRJU 415 – Policing the City (award-winning service learning course)
  • CRJU475T - Policing the City (award-winning service learning course)
  • CRJU 325 – Juvenile Delinquency
  • CRJU 491 – Applied Policy Research




  • Gardiner, C. (2019). “College Cops Around the Nation: A 30-year update on the state of higher education in policing” Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice. Doi: 10.1093/police/paz029/5506089
  • Gardiner, C. & Smith, T. (2017) “Some pedagogical benefits of learning communities: Does group composition matter?” Journal of Criminal Justice Education. Doi 10.1080/10511253
  • Gardiner, C. (2015). College Cops: A study of education and policing in California. Policing: An International Journal of Policing Strategies and Management, 38, 44:648-663.
  • Gardiner, C. (2012). “An Absolute Revolving Door”: An Evaluation of Police Perception and Response to Proposition 36.  Criminal Justice Policy Review, 23, 3:275-303. doi:10.1177/0887403411416557
  • Gardiner, C., Urada, D., & Anglin, M. D (2012). Band-Aids and Bullhorns:  Why California’s Drug Policy is Failing and What We Can Do To Fix It.  Criminal Justice Policy Review, 23, 1:108-135.  Doi: 10.1177/0887403410397185
    Gardiner, C. (2011) “Implementing Proposition 36:  Orange County’s Experience”.  Federal Probation, 75, 3: p. 25-31.
  • Urada, D., Gardiner, C., & Anglin, M. D. (2011) Stakeholder consensus and circumvention in drug diversion programs: Findings from California’s Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act (Proposition 36). Journal of Drug Issues, 41(1), 45-68.



  • Gardiner, C. & Spiropoulos, G. (2018).  California’s Criminal Justice System, 3rd Edition.  Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.

  • Gardiner, C., & Hickman, M. (2017).  Policing for the 21st Century:  Realizing the vision of police in a free society. Dubuque, IA: Kendall-Hunt Publishing

  • Mallicoat, S. & Gardiner, C. (2014).  Criminal Justice Policy.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.